Training Programs

Dual Pathway

The American Board of Anesthesiology (ABA) and the American Board of Pediatrics (ABP) have agreed to a pathway that allows an individual to complete training in pediatric critical care medicine (PCCM) and anesthesiology in a shorter period of time than is required for separate training in each of the disciplines. Satisfactory completion of the pathway would confer eligibility for certification in both disciplines after five years of training.



  • The pathway is available to those who have completed the required training for certification in general pediatrics
  • Both the anesthesiology and PCCM training must be completed in the same institution or in close geographic proximity to the same academic health system
  • Training in pediatric critical care medicine may precede or follow training in anesthesiology, or the training may be fully integrated
  • An individual in the pathway must be identified by the end of the first year of training or preferably before training begins in anesthesiology and critical care medicine
  • An outline of the five-year plan that details how the training requirements of the ABP, the ABA and the ACGME will be met must be submitted to both boards for approval
  • Individuals will be approved for this pathway on a case-by-case basis; programs will not be approved
  • Although double counting of scholarly activity/research experience is allowed, all clinical training requirements for both disciplines must be met
  • Six months of the scholarly activity required for PCCM certification will be completed during the six months of research time allowed during the anesthesiology residency
  • The trainee’s Scholarship Oversight Committee will oversee this training, as required by the ABP’s General Criteria for Certification in the pediatric subspecialties
  • The five years of training will not confer eligibility for certification in pediatric anesthesiology by the ABA
  • Trainees in the pathway will be eligible for certification in both anesthesiology and PCCM upon the satisfactory completion of all five years of training
  • Certification in one discipline is not contingent upon certification in the other